The most common treatments for cancer are
Other treatments include:
Surgery often is used initially to remove tumors. Depending on the type of cancer, surgery may be performed one time or in several stages. Reconstructive surgery also may be used at this time or later in the treatment process.
Chemotherapy is the use of medicine or chemicals to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be given in different ways. Some chemotherapy medicines are delivered into your veins and take several hours to be given. Other medicines are injected with a needle or given orally in the form of pills or capsules.
The amount of time taken to receive your chemotherapy also varies greatly. Some medicines involve several long treatments over a few days for several weeks. Others involve only one treatment per month.
Traditional chemotherapy can be very effective; however, healthy cells often are killed along with cancer cells. Radiation therapy uses radiation to kill cancer cells. As with chemotherapy, radiation therapy can be administered over several treatments and can kill healthy cells. When healthy cells die, side effects may occur that can be challenging to treat.